Telaah Hukum Islam Tentang LGBT (Sebuah Solusi dalam Memecahkan Problem Kemasyarakatan)

Dahlia Haliah Ma’u

Abstract


The Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender (in Indonesia known as LGBT) are fahisyah (bad/nasty) behaviors that are clearly prohibited in Islam. Those behaviors were performed by Prophet Luth people in the past and be included in Quran and Hadith. The fuqaha agreed that the behaviors are forbidden for Moslems since the negative impact to the doers and societies. Furthermore, the Islamic Law has categorized the punishmet to those who practice the behaviors. First, the doer would be killed or rajam (being thrown with stones until death). Second, the similar punishment to people who practice adultery or free sex (zina); If the doer is married (muhsan), the sanction is rajam, and if the doer is not married yet (ghairu muhsan), he/she would be whipped a hundred times. Third, the performer of those behaviors would be punished by the government or a judge (ta’zir), the level of the sanction would be decided by the government or a judge fairly. Moreover, the government, ulama, and societies have an important role to avoid these nasty behaviors through the implementation of the rules formally, and verbal persuasion.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Abu Dawud, Abu Dawud Sulaiman bin al-Asy'as as-Sijistani.1416/1996. Sunan Abi Dawud, Tahqiq Muhammad 'Abdul Aziz al-Khalidi, Juz VIII,Beirut-Libanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah.

Ahmad bin Hanbal, Abu Abdullah Ahmad bin Muhammad.1419 H / 1998 M.Musnad Ahmad bin Hanbal, Juz I, Beirut: ‘Alim al-Kutub.

Ahmad, al-Rasyuni. 1981.Nazhriyat al-Maqhashid ‘Inda al-Imam al-Syathibi, Riyadh: Dar al-‘Alamiyah li al-Kitab al-Islami wa al-Ma’had al-‘Alami al-Fikr al-Islami.

Dahlan, Abdul Aziz, dkk. 1996.Ensiklopedi Hukum Islam, jilid 2, Jakarta: Ichtiar Baru Van Hoeve.

Departemen Agama RI. 1995. Al-Qur’an dan Terjemahnya, Semarang: Alwah.

Departemen Pendidikan Nasional. 2007. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Djazuli, H.A. 2007. Kaidah-Kaidah Fikih, Jakarta: Kencana.

Hasan, Muhammad. 2015. Analisis Historis Kategorisasi Ushul Fiqh dan Implikasinya, dalam jurnal al-Maslahah, vol.11 No. 1. April 2015. IAIN Pontianak: Fakultas Syari’ah dan Ekonomi Islam.

al-Jaziri, Abdurrahman.1410 H/1990 M. Kitab al-Fiqh ‘Ala al-Madzahib al-Arba’ah. Juz V, Beirut-Libanon: Dar al-Kutub al-‘Ilmiyah.

Mahjuddin. 2003. Masailul Fiqhiyah, Jakarta: Kalam Mulia.

Muslim bin Hajjaj, Abu Husain al-Qusyairy an-Naisaburi. 1415/1995. Sahih Muslim, Syarah an-Nawawi, Juz I, Beirut: Dar Ihya at-Turats al-‘Arabi.

Pusat Data dan Informasi Direktoral Jenderal Pelayanan Medik Direktorat Jenderal Pemberantasan Penyakit Menular dan Penyehatan Lingkungan, Kemenkes RI, “ Statistik Kasus HIV/AIDS di Indonesia tahun 2014”.

Qardhawi, Yusuf. t.th.Halal dan Haram dalam Islam, penerjemah: Achmad Sunarto, Surabaya: Karya Utama.

Ridha, Rasyid. 1950. Tafsir al-Manar, Kairo: Mathba’ah al-Hajari.

Sabiq, Sayyid. t.th. Fiqh al-Sunnah, Juz II, Kairo: al-Fath Lil I’lam al-’Arabiy.

ash-Shabuni, M. Ali. 1994. Tafsir Ayat-Ayat Hukum dalam Al-Qur’an, penerjemah Saleh Mahfoed, jilid 2, Bandung: al-Ma’arif.

Shihab, M.Quraish. 2002. Tafsir al-Mishbah,Jakarta: Lentera Hati, volume 6.

Syarifuddin, Amir. 2003. Garis-garis Besar Fiqh, Jakarta: Kencana.

Syaltut, Mahmud. 1968. Al-Islam Aqidah wa Syari’ah, Mesir: Dar al-Qalam.

at-Turmuzi, Muhammad bin Isa bin Saurah bin Musa. t.th.al-Jami' as-Sahih Sunan Tirmizi, syarah: Ahmad Muhammad Syakir, Juz V dan VI, Beirut: Dar Ihya at-Turats al-'Araby.

az-Zuhaili, Wahbah. 1422 H / 2002 M.Al-Fiqh al-Islami wa Adillatuhu, Juz VI, Mesir: Dar al-Fikr.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
Raheema by http://jurnaliainpontianak.or.id/index.php/raheema is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.