PROBLEMATIKA WAKTU SHALAT GERHANA YANG TERTUTUP MENDUNG

Ikhsan Mahaendra

Abstract


The Qur'an and hadith have explained eclipses, but not completely. The eclipse prayer can be performed if the eclipse is visible and its area is crossed by it, according to the underlying hadith. But not all days are sunny. There are times when clouds block the cloudy weather, so the eclipse cannot be seen. Ibnu Hajar al-Haitami is one of the scholars who discusses this. He stated that there were differences of opinion regarding the Eclipse Prayer. Therefore, the author provides an explanation of the laws of eclipse prayer, especially those related to how to perform the Sunnah eclipse prayer if the weather around the eclipse is cloudy or vice versa. In terms of conclusions, the scholars and Imams of the four schools of thought agree that performing the eclipse prayer is a sunnah mukaad and is prioritized to be done in congregation. However, priests differ on how to do it in congregation if a solar eclipse occurs, while a lunar eclipse is done individually. Ibnu Hajar Al-Haitami agrees with Imam Syafi'i regarding the law of carrying out the Eclipse Prayer, procedures, times, and other matters. He said that if the eclipse occurs before it is cloudy, then the eclipse prayer is still performed, but if it is cloudy from the beginning to the end of the eclipse, then it is not recommended to do it.

 


Keywords


Prayer Times, Eclipse, Cloudy

Full Text:

PDF

References


adDimasyqi, Muhammad bin ‘Abdullah, Fiqih Empat Mazhab Terjemahan Rahmah al-Ummah fi Ikhtilaf al-Ammah, Bandung: Hasyimi, 2015.

Al Habib, Thahir Ibnu, Al-Fiqh Al-Maliki, Beirut: Dar Ibnu Jazm, 1998.

Al-Asqalani, Ibnu Hajar, Fathul Baari syarah: Shahih Bukhari, terj. Gazirah Abdi Ummah (Jakarta: Pustaka Azzam, 2008, cet. 2, vol. VI).

Al-Farra, Muhammad Ibnu, Al-Tahdzib Fi Fiqh Al-Syari’i, Beirut: Dar Al-Kutub Al-Ilmiah, 1997.

Al-Haitami, Ibnu Hajar, Tuhfatul Muhtaj Bisyarhil Minhaj, juz: 3, Kairo: Maktabah At-Tijariyah Al-Kubro.

Alimuddin, “Gerhana Matahari Perspektif Astronomi”, dalam Al-Daulahi, Vol. 3, No. 1, Juni 2014.

An-Nawawi, Imam, Syarah Shahih Muslim, terj. Team Darus Sunnah, (Jakarta: Darus Sunnah, cet. 3, vol. 4, 2014).

az-Zuhaili, Wahbah, Fiqh Islam Wa Abdillatuhu, Kuala Lumpur: Darul Fikir, 2007.

Bukhari, Imam, Shahih al-Bukhari, Beirut: Dar Ibnu Katsir 2002.

Hambali, Slamet, Pengantar Ilmu Falak: Menyimak Proses Pembentukan Alam Semesta, Banyuwangi: Bismillah Publisher, 2012..

Ilmu Falak tentang Fenomena Gerhana Bulan Penumbra dan Implikasinya terhadap Pelaksanaan Shalat Khusuf”, Skirpsi, Semarang: UIN Walisongo, 2018, h. 58-59

Khafid, Gerhana Bulan Total 28 Agustus 2007, makalah yang dipersentasikan pada matakuliah Hisab Kontemporer, pada tanggal 30 Oktober 2009 di Program Pascasarjana IAIN Walisongo, Semarang.

Khazin, Muhyiddin, Ilmu Falak dalam Teori dan Praktik (Perhitungan Arah Kiblat, Waktu Shalat, Awal Bulan dan Gerhana, Yogyakarta: Buana Pustaka, 2008.

, Kamus Ilmu Falak, Yogyakarta: Buana Pustaka, 2005.

Mughniyah, Muhammad Jawad, Fiqih Lima Mazhab: Ja‘fari, Hanafi, Maliki, Syafi‘i, Hambali 2015.

Mustofa, Moh. Arif, “Relevansi Gerhana Bulan Penumbra Terhadap Pelaksanaan Shalat Khusuful Qamar Perspektif Fiqih Kontemporer”, Skripsi, Malang: UIN Maulana Malik Ibrahim, 2017

Qamaruzzaman, “Gerhana dalam Perspektif Hukum Islam dan Astronomi”, dalam Empirisma, Vol. 25, No. 2, Juli 2016.

Rokhmah, Maulidina Nur, “Shalat Gerhana Ketika Gerhana Tidak Tampak dalam Perspektif Muhammadiyah”, Skirpsi, Semarang: UIN Walisongo, 2019, h. 53. Atau lihat skripsi Isnatun Muna, “Analisis Terhadap Pendapat Ulama Ponorogo tentang Gerhana Bulan (Studi Komparatif Ulama NU dan Muhammadiyah tentang Gerhana Bulan Penumbar)”, Skirpsi, Ponorogo: IAIN Ponorogo, 2020.

Rusyd, Ibnu, Muhammad Ibnu Ahmad, Bidayah Al-Mujtahid Wa AlNiyah Al-Muqtashid, Dar Al-Ma’rifa, 1982.

Setiyani, “Perspektif Tokoh-tokoh Ilmu Falak tentang Fenomena Gerhana Bulan Penumbra dan Implikasinya terhadap Pelaksanaan Shalat Khusuf”, Skirpsi, Semarang: UIN Walisongo, 2018.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.24260/al-maslahah.v19i2.2238

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 54 times
PDF - 26 times

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 54 times
PDF - 26 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2023 ikhsan mahaendra

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

IAIN Pontianak Jalan Suprapto No. 19 Pontianak West Kalimantan Indonesia Poscode 78121

Copyright @ 2020 AL-MASLAHAH: JURNAL ILMU SYARIAH

Website:

luxhoki

slot dana 10k