Popular Piety and the Muslim Middle Class Bourgeoisie in Indonesia

Lukis Alam

Abstract

This paper discusses the passion of Islamization of the New Order, at the same time the mainstream of this power is based on economic development that provides opportunities for the growth of the Muslim middle class. Patronage model used by the New Order gives an indication that the power built by this regime wants to instill a strong influence in society.  At the same time, the New Order is depoliticizing the political attitudes of Muslims. This has implications for the marginalization of the interests of Muslims on the national stage. In this study will also be affirmed the influence of the New Order's power on the presence of the Muslim middle class. On the one hand their birth was the result of the economic development that the New Order echoed. On a different aspect, the presence of the middle class gives strong legitimacy that they are part of the dominating class structure in a country. Also will be reviewed about middle-class interference with the trend of Islamic populism that actually occurred in the era of the 80s, but re-spread after post-reform. Popular Islamic culture becomes a trend that spread through various media such as, internet, magazines, newspapers and so forth. This has received considerable response from middle-class Muslims and led to commodification. Religion facilitates to interact with modernity. Materialistic and hedonistic interests intersect with obedience in the practice of religion. On the one hand, the mode of consumption of the Muslim middle class changes with the adaptation of piety values in the public sphere.

Keywords

Popular; Islam; piety; middle class; bourgeoisie; Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References

Agustian, A. G. (2016). Revolusi Mental Berbasis ESQ. Jakara: Arga Tilanta.

Amir, S. (2013). The Technological State in Indonesia: The Constitution of High Techonlogy and Authorian Politics. UK: Routledge.

An-Na’im, A. A. (2007). Islam Dan Negara Sekular:Menegoisasikan Masa Depan Syariah. Bandung: Mizan.

Aspinall, E. (2005). Opposing Soeharto: Compromise,Resistance, and Regime Change in Indonesia. California: Stanford University Press.

Azim, F. (2013). Islam, Culture and Women in Asia: Complex Terrains,(:Routledge,2013),73-86. London and New York: Routledge.

Azra, A. (2006). Indonesia, Islam and Democracy: Dynamic in a Global Context. Jakarta: Solstice.

Beng-Huat, C. (2000). Consumption in Asia:Lifestyles and Identities. London: Routledge.

Breman, J. (2014). Keuntungan Kolonial dari Kerja Paksa: Sistem Priangan dari Tanam Paksa Kopi di Jawa,1720-1870. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.

Budiman, A. (2002). Kebebasan, Negara, Pembangunan: Kumpulan Tulisan 1965-2005. Ciputat: Pustaka Alvabet.

Crouch, H. (1986). Militer dan Politik di Indonesia. Jakarta: Sinar Harapan.

Hasbullah, M. (2017). Islam dan Transformasi Masyarakat Nusantara. Jakarta: Kencana.

Horvatich, R. W. (1977). Islam in Era Of Nation-States: Politics and Religious Renewal in Muslim Southeast Asia. Hawai’i: University of Hawai’i Press.

J.A, D. (2006). Membaca Isu Politik. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Jajat Burhanuddin, K. V. (2013). Islam in Indonesia:Contrasting Images and Intepretations. Amsterdam: Amsterdam University.

K.Mandal, A. H. (2003). Challenging Authoritarianisme in Southeast Asia Comparing Indonesia and Malaysia. New York: Routledge.

Meuleman, J. (2002). Islam in the Era of Globalization: Muslim Attitudes Towards Modernity and Identity. New York: Routledge.

Mufid, A. S. (2006). Tanglukan, Abangan,dan Tarekat: Kebangkitan Agama di Jawa. Jakarta: Yayasan Obor.

Mujani, S. (2007). Muslim Demokrat: Islam, Budaya, Demokrasi dan Partisipasi Politik di Indonesia Pasca-Orde Baru. Jakarta: Gramedia.

P.Daniels, T. (2013). Performance, Popular Culture, and Piety in Muslum Southeast Asia. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.

R.Hadiz, D. B. (2014). ,Indonesian Politics and Society:A Reader. London and New York: Routledge.

Ricklefs. (2008). Sejarah Indonesia Modern 1200-2008. Yogyakarta: Serambi.

Rinakit, S. (2007). The Indonesian Military After The New Order. Copenhagen: NIAS Press.

Said, S. (2016). Menyaksikan 30 Tahun Kekuasaan Otoriter Soeharto. Yogyakarta: Mizan.

Syamsuddin, M. D. (2001). Islam dan Politik Era Orde Baru. Jakarta: Logos Wacana Ilmu.

Tagliacozzo, E. (2009). Political Islam in Post-Soeharto Indonesia:The Contest Between “Radical-ConservativeSoutheast Asia and the Middle East:Islam, Movement and the Longue Durée. Singapore: NUS.

Tebba, S. (1993). Islam Orde Baru:Perubahan Politik dan Keagamaan. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Vatikiotis, M. R. (1993). Indonesian Politics under Suharto. New York: Routledge.

W.Hefner, R. (2000). Islam Pasar Keadilan:Artikulasi lokal, kapitalisme,dan Demokrasi. Yogayakarta: LKiS.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 73 PDF views: 49