Transboundary Haze: Islam Prohibits Destruction of Earth

Nurzawani Md Sofwan, Hartini Mahidin, Edmund Shah Tambi

Abstract

Recurring episodes of transboundary haze have been similarly to an annual event in Malaysia since the 1980’s. Transboundary haze is typically haze caused by forest fires in Sumatra and Kalimantan, Indonesia which moves thousands of miles and encompasses neighboring regional countries. This is caused by human hands that continue to pursue unplanned development without taking into account the aspect of environmental sustainability. This study looks into and the understanding of recurring occurrences of transboundary haze in Sarawak. From the perspective of Islam, by making the Holy Quran as the absolute source of reference, God forbids the destruction of nature and calls upon mankind to do good not only to other humans and animals but also to the environment. Human beings are endowed with a great mind that can guide them to make and do the right thing, thus, various efforts need to be taken into consideration and be done collectively amongst the ASEAN countries in a joint effort towards reducing or preventing continuous episodes of transboundary haze within the region.

Keywords

Transboundary Haze; Air Pollutant Index; Forest Fires; Air Pollution

Full Text:

PDF

References

Afroz, R. Hasaan, M. N., & Ibrahim, N. A., (2003). Review of Air Pollution and Health Impacts in Malaysia. Environ. Research, 92, 71-77.

Akhir, N. S. M. (2004). Rohani Manusia dan Alam Sekitar dari Perspektif Islam. Jurnal IKIM, 12 (2).

Anwar, A., Juneng, L., Othman, M. R., Latif, M. T., (2010). Correlation between hotspots and air quality in Pekan Baru, Riau, Indonesia in 2006-2007. Sains Malaysia. 39, 169-174.

ASEAN, (2002). ASEAN Agreement on Transboundary Haze Pollution. Association of South East Asian Nations Secretariat. Jakarta.

Beardsley, R., Bromberg, P. A., Costa, D. A., Devlin, R., Dockery, D. W., Frampton, M. W., Lambert, W., Samet, J. M., Speizer, F. E., & Utell, M., (1997). Smoke Alarm: Haze From Fires Might Promote Bacterial Growth. Sci. Am. 24–25.

DOE, Department of Environment., (2018). Kronologi Episod Jerebu di Malaysia. Retrieved May 28, 2018, from DOE Portal: https://www.doe.gov.my/portalv1/en/info-umum/info-kualiti-udara/kronologi-episod-jerebu-dimalaysia/319123.

Glover, D., Jessup, T., Banks, G., (2003). Indonesia’s fires and haze: the cost of catastrophe. Review of Indonesian and Malaysian Affairs. 37, 150–152.

Halim, I. A. & Akhir, N. S. M., (2016). Tafsir Ayat-Ayat al-Quran Berkenaan Penjagaan Alam Sekitar. Afkar. Vol. 18 (1), 91-130.

Huang, K., Fu, J. S., Hsu, N. C., Gao, Y., Dong, X., Tsay, S. C., Lam, Y. F., (2013). Impact Assessment of Biomass Burning on air quality in Southeast and East Asia during BASEASIA. Atmos. Environ. 78, 291–302.

Mohamad, A. B., (2005). Undang-undang dan Pengurusan Alam Sekitar Menurut Islam. Malaysian Journal of Environmental Management, 6, 107-124.

Mohamad, N., Latif, M. T., & Khan, M. F., (2016). Source Apportionment and Health Risk Assessment of PM10 in a Naturally Ventilated School in a Tropical Environment. Ecotoxi. And Environ. Safety, 124, 351-362.

Narayanan, S. (2002). Assessing the economic damage from Indonesian fires and the haze: a conceptual note. Singapore Economic Review. 47, 229–241.

Nasir, M. H., Choo, W. Y., Rafia, A., Md., M. R., Theng, L. C., Noor, M. M. H., (2000). Estimation of Health Damage Cost For 1997-Haze Episode in Malaysia Using the Ostro Model. Proceedings Malaysian Science and Technology Congress, 2000. Confederation of Scientific and Technological Association in Malaysia (COST- AM), Kuala Lumpur.

WHO, World Health Organization. (1998). Report of the Bioregional Workshop on Health Impacts of Haze Related Air Pollution. Manila: The Philippines.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 5 PDF views: 2