The Symbolic Power of Sleeping without Mattress Practice in Kasuran Village of Yogyakarta

Saifuddin Zuhri Qudsy, Irwan Abdullah, Zuly Qodir


The work aims at exploring the practice of symbolic power of sleeping without kapok (matress) in a hamlet of Kasuran. It explores the process of reproduction of symbolic power and how it becomes a ritual practice preserved by the people of Kasuran. For many Kasuran people, Sunan Kalijaga saying is final. They understand and believe in his textual meaning by practising sleeping without matress ritual. The study finds that the reproduction of meaning of sleeping without mattress happens in the hands of agents that actively promote the myth about the saying of Sunan Kalijogo. They include Wartilah as the head of the hamlet (believing and promoting Sunan Kalijaga statement), Suharso as a pious man from Hindu tradition, secretary of the forum of harmony among religious blievers (believing that this myth is supposed to happen far before Sunan Kalijaga Era),  Juremi and Suwardi, the takmir (board management of mosque) that represent religious mass organization of Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama (NU). Although the agents have different points of view in understanding the phenomenon, they actually maintain and preserve this kind of symbolic power to gain symbolic capital. This work also finds that the dynamic process of engineering and modification of living without mattress becoming living with spon mattress/springbed has been the results of the new interpretation by the people in the village. The latest is associated with spiritual, social and political engineering aspects of the practice.


sleeping; without; mattres; practice; symbolic; power; Kasuruan

Full Text:



Abdullah, I. (2006). Konstruksi dan Reproduksi Kebudayaan, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Abdullah, I., Udasmoro, W. & J. H. (2009). Dinamika masyarakat dan Kebudayaan Kontemporer, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar & TICI.

Arac, J. (1986). Posmodernism and Politics, UK: Manchester University Press.

Becker, G. (1976). The Economic Approach To Human Behavior, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Bendixsen, S. (2013). The Religious Identity of Young Muslim Women in Berlin: An Ethnographic Study, Leiden: Brill

Bernard, H. R. (2006). Research Methods in Anthropology. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press.

Branson, J. & Miller, D. (2005). ”Pierre Bourdieu” dalam Peter Beilharz, Teori-teori Sosial, (terj. Sigit Jatmiko), Cet. 3, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Bourdieu, P. (1962). The Algerians, US: Beacon Press.

_______, (1971). ‘System of education and systems of thought, and intellectual field and creative project’, in M.F.D. Young (Ed) Knowledge and Control: New Directions for the Sociology of Education, London: Collier Macmillan.

_______, (1977). Outline of A Theory of Practice, translated by Richard Nice, Cambridge, U.K.: Cambridge University Press.

_______, (1984). Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste, translated by Richard Nice, London: Routledge.

_______, (1986). “The Forms of Capital”, terj. (Translated by Richard Nice). In J.G. Richardson (Ed.), Handbook for Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education, New York: Greenwood Press.

_______, 1990). Homo Academicus, translated by Peter Collier, California: Stanford University Press.

_______, (1992). The Logic of Practice. Translated by Richard Nice. Stanford: Stanford University Press

_______, (1990). The Field of Cultural Production: Essays on Art and Literature, edited by Randal Johnson, Cambridge: Polity Press.

_______, (1993). Sociology in Question. Translated by Richard Nice. London: Sage.

_______, 1994). In Other Words. Translated by Matthew Adamson, Cambridge: Polity Press.

_______, (1995). Outline of a Theory of Practice. Translated by Richard Nice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

_______, (1995a). Language and Symbolic Power. Translated by Gino Raymond & Matthew Adamson, Cambridge: Polity Press.

_______, (1996). The State Nobility. Cambridge, U.K.: Polity Press.

_______, (1998). Acts of Resistance: Against the Tyranny of the Market. Translated by Richard Nice. New York: The New Press.

_______, (1998b). Practical Reason: On the Theory of Action. California: Stanford University Press.

_______, (2002) Jurnalisme di Televisi. Translated by Dadang Rusbiantoro. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Kalamakara & Akindo.

Bourdieu, P. & Wacquant, L. (1993). “From Ruling Class to Field of Power: An Interview with Pierre Bourdieu on La noblesse d’État”. in Theory, Culture & Society Vol. 10, hal. 19-44.

_______ 1999, “The Cunning of Imperialist Reason”, dalam Theory, Culture, and Society Vol. 16(1), hal. 41–57.

Carey, P. (2008). The Power of Prophecy, Prince Dipanegara and the End of an Old Order in Java, 1785-1855. (II ed.). Leiden: KITLV Press.

Chojim, A. (2013). Mistik dan Makrifat Sunan Kalijaga, Jakarta: Serambi.

Danandjaja, J. (1984). Folklor Indonesia. Jakarta: Pustaka Grafitipers.

Degroot, V. M. Y. (2009). Candi Space and Landscape: A Study on the Distribution, Orientation and Spatial Organization of Central Javanese Temple Remains. Unpublished Disertasi. Leiden University.

DeWalt, K., & DeWalt, B. (2011). Participant Observation: A Guide for Fieldorkers (2nd ed.). Lanham, MD: AltaMira.

Dianteill, E. (2003). Pierre Bourdieu and the Sociology of Religion: A Central and Peripheral Concern. Theory and Society, 32(5/6), 529-549. Retrieved from

Durkheim, E. (1995). The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, (trans. Karen E. Field), New York: The Free Press.

Evens, T. (1999). Bourdieu and the Logic of Practice: Is All Giving Indian-Giving or is “Generalized Materialism” Not Enough?, Sociological Theory, 17(1), 3-31. Retrieved from

Faelasofa, D. (2013). Ajaran Sunan Geseng bagi Kehidupan Keagamaan Masyarakat. Komunitas: International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture, 3(2). doi:

Fashri, F. (2014). Kuasa Simbolik Bourdieu, Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

Foucault, M. (1972). The Archaeology of Knowledge, London: Tavistock,

_______, (1981). “The Order of Discourse”, in Young, R. (edt) Untying the Text: a Postructuralis Reader, London: Routledge.

Gao, J. (2012). The Use of Media by Chinese Public Intellectuals. Journal for Communication and Culture 2, no. 2 (winter 2012)

Gaventa, J., 2003. Power after Lukes: a Review of the Literature, Brighton: Institute of Development Studies.

Gertz, C. (1968). Islam Observed. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

_______, (1983). Santri, Priyayi, dan Abangan, (trans. Aswab Mahasin). Jakarta: Dunia Pustaka Jaya.

Giddens, A. (2010). Teori Strukturasi: Dasar-dasar pembentukan Struktur Sosial Masyarakat, (trans. Maufur & Dariyatno). Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Hanks, W. F. (2005). Pierre Bourdieu and the Practices of Language. Annual Review of Anthropology, Vol. 34: 67-83.

Harker, R., Mahar, C. & Wilkes, C. (editor), (2009). (Habitus x Modal) + Ranah= Praktik Pengantar Yang Paling Komprehensif Kepada Pemikiran Pierre Bourdieu. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra

Haryatmoko, (2003). Menyingkap Kepalsuan Budaya Penguasa. Majalah Basis edisi khusus Pierre Bourdieu No. 11-12, tahun ke 52.

_______, (2010). Dominasi Penuh Muslihat: Akar Kekerasan dan Diskriminasi. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Heidegger, M. (1999). Ontology: The Hermeneutic of Facticity, Indiana: University of Indiana Press.

Hentschel, U., Smith, G., Draguns, J.G., Elsevier, W.E. (Eds) (2004). Defense Mechanisms: Theoretical, Research and Clinical Perspectives, Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Hereyanto, (2009). “Tradisi Keagamaan dan Kekuasaan Simbolik di kalangan Masyarakat Amuntai Kalimantan Selatan” Yogyakarta, Thesis, UGM.

Hidayat, A. R. (2006). “Bahasa dan Hegemoni Kekuasaan (Telaah atas Kekerasan Simbolik di dalam Media)” in KARSA, Vol. IX No. 1 April 2006.

Horkheimer, M., Adorno, T.W. (2002). Dialectic Enlightment: Philosophical Fragments, (trans. Gunzelin Schmid Noerr). California: Stanford University Press.

Humas Setda Kab. Sleman, (2015). Buku kerja 2015. Penerbit Humas Setda Kab. Sleman.

Jenkins, R. (1992). Pierre Bourdieu, London: Routledge.

Jenkins, R. (2010). Pierre Bourdieu (trans.). Yogyakarta: Kreasi Wacana

Johnson, R. (2010). “Pengantar Pierre Bourdieu tentang Seni, Sastra, dan Budaya”. Arena Produksi Kultural, Sebuah Kajian Sosiologi Budaya. Traslated by Yudi Santosa. Yogyakarta: Jalasutra.

King, A. (2000). Thinking with Bourdieu against Bourdieu: A ‘Practical’ Critique of the Habitus. Sociological Theory, 18(3), 417-433. Retrieved from

Koentjaraningrat, (1994). Kebudayaan Jawa, Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Mellor, P.A. & Shilling, C. (2013). “Habitus Agama: Pengejawantahan Agama dan Teori Sosiologi,” in Bryan S. Turner (Ed.), Sosiologi Agama, (trans. Dariyatno) Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Mills, C. (1956). The Power Elite, London: Oxford University Press.

Morford, M.P.O. & Lenardon, R.J. (1999). Classical Mythology (6th edition), New York, Oxford University Press.

Navarro, Z. (2006). “In Search of Cultural Intepretation of Power”. IDS Bulletin 37(6): 11-22.

Nurhajarini, D.R. (2012). Yogyakarta: Dari Hutan Beringin ke Ibukota Daerah Istimewa, Yogyakarta: Kemendikbud.

Pals, D.L. (1996). Seven Theories of Religion, New York: Oxford University Press,

Pelletier, C. (2009) Emancipation, equality and education : Rancière’s critique of Bourdieu and the question of performativity. Discourse: Studies in the Cultural Politics of Education, 30 (2) pp. 137-150. Retrieved from

Piliang, Y.A. (2004). Posrealitas: Realitas Kebudayaan dalam Era Posmetafisika, Yogyakarta : Jalasutra

_______, (2003). Hantu-Hantu Politik dan Matinya Sosial, Solo: Tiga Serangkai

Poespoprodjo, W. (1987). Interpretasi: Beberapa Catatan Pendekatan Filsafatinya, Bandung: Remadja Karya

Prasad, P. (2005). Crafting Qualitative Research: Working in the Postpositivist Traditions, Ney York, M.E. Sharpe.

Priyono, B.H. (2002). Anthony Giddens: Suatu Pengantar, Jakarta: Kepustakaan Populer Gramedia.

Putro, Z. (2015). Ketahanan Toleransi Orang Jawa: Studi tentang Yogyakarta Kontemporer. MASYARAKAT: Jurnal Sosiologi, 15(2). Retrieved March 25, 2018, from

Qodir, Z. (2010). Muhammadiyah Studies: Reorientasi Gerakan Dan Pemikiran Abad Kedua, Yogyakarta: Kanisius

Rancière, J. (1984). “L’éthique de la sociologic”, L’empire du sociologue (13-36), Collectif Revoltes logiques. Paris: Éditions La Découverte.

Reid, A. (2011). Asia Tenggara dalam Kurun Niaga 1450-1680, terj. Mochtar Pabottinggi, Jakarta: YOI.

Rey, T. (2007). Bourdieu on Religion, Imposing Faith and Legitimacy, UK. Equinox Publishing.

Riceuor, P. (1981) Hermeneutics and the Human Sciences, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rusdiarti, S.R. (2003). Bahasa, Pertarungan Simbolik dan Kekuasaan. Majalah Basis edisi khusus Pierre Bourdieu No. 11-12, tahun ke 52. Denzin, Norman K. & Yvonna S. Lincoln, 2009. The Sage Handbook of Qualitative Research, (trans. Daryatno) Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar

Scott, J.C. (1993). Perlawanan Kaum Tani, Jakarta: Yayasan Obor Indonesia

Seino, K. (1988). “Islamization of Java: Missiological Analysis” US: Fuller Theological Seminary, Thesis.

Spencer, B. & Gillen, F.J. (1904). Northern Tribes in Australia, London: Macmillan.

Spradley, J. P. (1980). Participant Observation. New York, NY: Holt, Rinehart & Winston

Subardi. (2009). Mbah Bregas: Menemukan Keteladanan Pada Masa Lalu, Yogyakarta: JalaSutera

Susen, Simon & Turner, B.S (2013). The Legacy of Pierre Bourdieu, New York, Anthem Press.

Suwardi, (2010). Foklor Jawa, Jakarta: Penaku.

Sobur, A. (2001). Analisis Teks Media. Bandung, Rosda Karya.

Swartz, D. (1997). Culture and Power: The Sociology of Pierre Bourdieu, Chicago: Chicago University Press.

Swedberg, R. & Agevall, O. (2005). The Max Weber Dictionary: Key Words and Central Concepts, California: Stanford University Press.

Taqwa, R. (2009). Relasi Kuasa antara Media Televisi yang Dominatif-Hegemonik VS Audiens yang Aktif-Kritis : Suatu Perspektif Cultural Studies. WACANA INDONESIA Jurnal Mahasiswa dan Alumni Pascasarjana se-Indonesia, 1 (1). pp. 67-74. ISSN 1858-0358. Retrieved from

Telaumbanua, S. (2012). “Pendekatan Pengkajian Folklore dan Mitos” hlm. 287, in, retrieved on 20 Desember 2012.

Thompson, J. B. (1984). Studies in the Theory of Ideology. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Torrance, J. (1995). Karl Marx’s Theory of Ideas, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Turner, B.S. (Ed.). (2013). Sosiologi Agama, (trans.. Daryatno), Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Umar, H. (1984). Sunan Kalijaga. Kudus: Menara.

Verter, B. (2003). Spiritual capital: Theorizing religion with Bourdieu against Bourdieu. Sociological theory, 21(2), 150-174. Retrieved from

Webb, J., Schirato, T. & Danaher, G. (2002). Understanding Bourdieu, London: Sage Publication.

Weber, M. (1968). Economy and Society. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press.

_______, (2006). Sosiologi, (trans. Noorkholis), Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Yuwono, S. H. (2014). Buku Panduan Riwayat Desa Kasuran dan Pura Sri Gading. Yogyakarta: Tp

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 0 PDF views: 0