The Instructional Management on Soft Skills in Islamic Perspective: A Multi-Case Study at Sekolah Karakter Indonesia Heritage Foundation (IHF) and Brawijaya Smart School (BSS)

Autor(s): Aries Musnandar
DOI: 10.24260/khatulistiwa.v10i1.1701


The finding result of Alfred Binnet dan Theodore Simon (1905) about IQ (Intelligence Quotient) is perceived by many people as a determined factor of an individual success in various life sectors. Therefore, the emphasizing on academic activities in schools including elementary schools is based on intellect/IQ and hard skills over soft skills. However, IQ and / or intellect approach has not succeeded yet in improving a student’s learning achievement in academic performance results, hard skills, moreover soft skills. This research is aimed to understand deeply on the importance and the need of soft skills development in schools especially elementary school.

The study employs qualitative research method with multiple case study design, in which a meaning making activity is underlined as the first objective of interpretive research in understanding social phenomena of education activities. The phenomena of soft skillsoccurs in real-life events andcurrent situation, as well as programs and activities. In this qualitative research method the researcher conducted three main activities such as in-depth interview, observation and to get relevant data collection in order to enrich and complete the previous obtained data.

Based on findings, it is known substantively that students’ soft skills will not be developed if the instructional management focuses on academic. Besides, soft skills will enhance significantly students’ academic results, because soft skills will enable and improve students’ potentials to reach the best learning achievement. In Islamic perspective, the quality of soft skills within akhlak-adab domain will be more better if soft skills’ development are referred to a sound heart (qolbun salim). Finally, it is shown in formal finding that the instructional management of students’ soft skills is a must and it is importance to be implemented in education particularly in elementary school.


Instructional Management, Soft Skills, Elementary Education, Soft Skills in Islamic Perspective.

Full Text:



Arikunto, Suharsimi & Yuliana, Lia. (2009). Manajemen Pendidikan. Aditya Media. Yogyakarta.

Glickman, C. D. 1981. Development Supervision: Alternative for Helping Teachers Improve Instructions. Virginia, Alexandria: ASCD.

Glickman, C. D., Gordon, S. P., Gordon, J. M. R. 2004. SuperVision and Instructional Leadership A Developmental Approach. Boston., Pearson.

Given, Lisa M (ed.) The Sage Encyclopedia of Qualitative Resarch Methods. Vol 1 & 2. USA: SAGE Publications, 2008.

Endin Mujahidin,, (2012). Developing Character Education Quality in Elementary School. Paper presented at the International Conference UIN Malang, December 2-3, 2012.

Gardner, H. (1999). Intelligence reframed: Multiple intelligences for the 21st century. New York: Basic Books.

Gardner, H. (1993). Multiple intelligences: The theory in practice. New York.

Goleman, D. (1995). Emotional Intelligence: Why it can matter more than IQ. New York: Bantam Books

Goleman, D. (1998). Working with emotional intelligence. New York: Bantam.

Megawangi, Ratna et al. (2011). Neuroscience for Kids: Pengendalian Emosi Anak. Seri Pendidikan Karakter. Depok. Indonesia Heritage Foundation.

Megawangi, Ratna et al. (2011). Membangun Karakter Anak melalui Brain-Based Parenting (Pola Asuh Ramah Otak). Seri Pendidikan Karakter. Depok. Indonesia Heritage Foundation.

Megawangi, Ratna and Farrah, D., Wahyu. (2011). Sekolah Berbahaya bagi Perkembangan Karakter Anak: Solusi untuk Mempersiapkan Sekolah dalam Menjalankan Pendidikan Karakter. Seri Pendidikan Karakter. Depok. Indonesia Heritage Foundation.

Musnandar, Aries (2016). The Instructional Management of Students Soft Skills In Elementary Schools: A Multi-Case Study at Sekolah Karakter Indonesia Heritage Foundation (IHF) and Sekolah Dasar Brawijaya Smart School (BSS). Dissertation. Postgraduate, Maulana Malik Ibrahim, State Islamic University.

Musnandar, Aries. 2014. Indonesia: A Country of Challenge. Malang. UB Press.

Musnandar, Aries. 2013. Pendidikan yang Mencerdaskan. Malang. Naila Pustaka

Raka Joni, T. 2005. PembelajaranYang Mendidik: Artikulasi Konseptual, Terapan Kontekstual dan Verifikasi Empirik. PPs, Universitas Negeri Malang.

Sonhaji, Ahmad. 2003. Modul Manajemen Strategik. Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Malang

Sternberg, R. (2000). Handbook of Intelligence. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge : University Press. p. 396-417

The Republic Indonesian Laws (Peraturan Perundang-Undangan):

Republik Indonesia. Undang-Undang Nomor 20 Tahun 2003 tentang Sistem Pendidikan Nasional (The Law of National Education System of the Republic of Indonesia)

Peraturan Pemerintah RI Nomor 17 Tahun 2010 tentang Pengelolaan dan Penyelenggaraan Pendidikan

Peraturan Pemerintah RI No. 19 Tahun 2005 tentang Standar Nasional Pendidikan

Other Sources:

• Thesis and Papers

• Musnandar, Aries. Pengembangan Paket Pembelajaran Presentation Skills bagi Karyawan Penyelia PT. Philip Morris Indonesia, Thesis Teknologi Pembelajaran, Program Pascasarjana UM, 2004.

• Aries Musnandar, Landasan Konstruktivistik, Makalah tidak dipublikasikan, Program Pascasarjana, Universitas Negeri Malang, 2000

Internet Access


Jurnal dan Makalah

• Barbuto Jr., John E., Burbach, Mar E. (2006). The Emotional Intelligence of Transformational. 146, Iss. 1, pg. 51, 14 pgs.

• Subramaniam, Ilangko. Techers perception on their readiness in integrating soft skills in the teaching and learning. IOSR Journal of Reserach & Method in Education Volume 2, Issue 5 (Jul.-Aug. 2013), pp 19-29.

• Wellington, James (2005). The Soft skills of Success. Vital Speeches of the Day, August 1, vol 71, Iss. .20, pg. 628. 7 pgs

• Caudron, Shari (2006). The Hard Case for Soft skills: Bradford: Vol. 27, Iss. 2-4; pg. 202. 1pg

Surat Kabar, Majalah dan Lain-Lain

• Aries Musnandar, Taking examples of Prophet’s tolerance. the Jakarta Post, February 7, 2012

• A. Chaedar Alwasilah, Holistic education creates ‘perfect people’. the Jakarta Post, 01/28/2012

• C.W Watson, Learning and teaching process: More about readers and writers. Jakarta Post, 02/11/2012


  • There are currently no refbacks.