PENGARUH POLA ASUH ORANG TUA DAN DIET BEBAS GLUTEN/KASEIN TERHADAP PERBAIKAN GEJALA AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER (ASD)

Sari Eka Pratiwi, Fitri Sukmawati

Abstract


Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a development impairment characterized by cognitive and neurobehavioral deficit, including communication and social problem that need psycology and education intervention for the children and the parents, also nutrition intervention with Gluten-Free Casein-Free (GFCF). This study’s aim is to identify the parenting style and Gluten-Free Casein-Free diet role in ASD’s symptoms modification. This study was start with collecting the references and research publications, and study the relationship of parenting style and GFCF diet to ASD. Flexible Parenting style in ASD is important and need to be adjusted based on the characteristic, development stage and the children’s situation. Diet GFCF can be a complementary therapy to reduce ASD’s symptoms particularly children with gluten allergy and have celiac disease. However, the children without any gastrointestinal symptoms to gluten/casein products need a consideration and advance examination to determine GFCF diet requirement.

[Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) merupakan suatu kelainan perkembangan saraf yang dicirikan dengan adanya defisit kognitif dan neurobehavioralyang mencakup masalah komunikasi dan perilaku sosial, yang memerlukanintervensi psikologis dan edukasi pada anak dan orang tua, serta intervensi nutrisi dengan pembatasan asupan gluten dan kasein yang dikenal dengan diet Gluten-Free Casein-Free (GFCF). Penulisan telaah jurnal ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh pola asuh orang tua dan pembatasan asupan gluten dan kasein terhadap perbaikan gejala ASD. Penulisan telaah literatur dilakukan dengan mengumpulkan berbagai sumber teori dan hasil penelitian kemudian dilakukan telaah terhadap hubungan kedua faktor yaitu pola asuh dan pembatasan asupan gluten dan kasein terhadap ASD. Gaya pengasuhan pada ASD perlu dilakukan secara fleksibel sesuai dengan keunikan karakter anak, tahap perkembangan anak, dan situasi yang sedang dihadapi. Terapi pembatasan asupan gluten/kasein dapat menjadi pilihan terapi pelengkap untuk mengurangi gejala ASD terutama pada anak yang alergi gluten dan mengalami penyakit celiac. Namun, pada anak yang tidak memiliki gejala saluran cerna terhadap produk gluten/kasein perlu pertimbangan dan pemeriksaan lebih lanjut untuk menentukan perlu tidaknya pembatasan gluten/kasein pada makanannya].

Kata Kunci: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), Gluten-Free Casein-Free (GFCF), Pola Asuh Pada ASD, Autisme, Terapi Nutrisi Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD).

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24260/al-hikmah.v13i1.1348
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