HAK ASASI MANUSIA: INSTRUMEN FATWA KONTEMPORER

Al Fakhri Zakirman

Abstract


Human Rights (HAM) in recent decades is very much discussed, written, and disseminated. This is also a concern of researchers related to the correlation of human rights in the process of the birth of a fatwa. This research is a library research that uses materials in the form of books, journals and other documents. The researcher found that in the context of fatwas in contemporary fiqh, understanding the mufti of human rights as a whole would help in producing an appropriate fatwa. This is because Human Rights have a basis in the study of Islamic law, while the maqashid shari'ah is an important instrument in devoting the fatwa. The human rights are also inseparable in the considerations of contemporary fatwas.

Hak Asasi Manusia (HAM) beberapa dekade ini sangat banyak diperbincangkan, ditulis, dan diseminarkan. Hal ini juga menjadi perhatian peneliti terkait korelasi HAM dalam proses lahirnya sebuah fatwa. Penelitian ini adalah penelitian kepustakaan yang menggunakan bahan-bahan berupa buku, jurnal dan dokumen lain. Peneliti menemukan bahwa dalam konteks fatwa pada fiqh kontemporer pemahaman mufti tentang HAM secara utuh akan membantu dalam menghasilkan fatwa yang tepat. Hal ini dikarenakan Hak Asasi Manusia memiliki basis pada kajian maqashid syariah. Sedangkan maqashid syari’ah adalah instrumen penting dalam berfatwa. Sehingga Hak Asasi Manusia juga tidak dapat dipisahkan dalam pertimbangan-pertimbangan fatwa kontemporer.

Keywords


HAM; Fatwa; hukum Islam kontemporer.

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24260/jhjd.v14i1.1739

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