AKHLAK DAN ADAB GURU PENDIDIKAN AGAMA ISLAM DALAM PERSPEKTIF KH. M. HASYIM ASY’ARI

Muhammad Abror Rosyidin(1Mail),
(1) Universitas Hasyim Asy'ari (Unhasy) Tebuireng Jombang, Indonesia

Mail Corresponding Author


DOI : https://doi.org/10.24260/jrtie.v4i1.2009

Full Text:    Language : en
Submitted : 2021-06-23
Published : 2021-06-28

Abstract


Abstract: Islamic Religious Education is the most important part of the education system in Indonesia. This is because Islamic Religious Education is education, which contains moral, intellectual, and spiritual education. Meanwhile, teachers are the main component in the continuity of Islamic Religious Education (PAI). The number of PAI teachers continues to increase along with the number of schools and scholars of Islamic Education. However, the issue of the quality of basic competencies is the main problem. In the book Adab al ‘Alim wa al Muta'llim by Hadratussyaikh Hasyim Asy'ari explained that after faith and takwah, morals and ethic are very important foundations in the educational process. The purpose of this study is to determine the moral and ethic competence of teachers according to Hadratussyaikh Hasyim Asy'ari seen from the point of view of Islamic Education Philosophy. This study employed a qualitative approach to literature study with descriptive analytical data analysis. From this research, an ideal concept of basic competence can be generated according to KH. M. Hasyim Asy'ari Thought, which consists of 9 points. All of these points are in accordance with the Law of the Republic of Indonesia number 14 of 2005 concerning Teachers Chapter IV Articles 1, 2, and 10 which confirms that teacher competence includes pedagogic competence, personality competence, social competence, and professional competence obtained through professional education. In addition, it is also in accordance with the basic competencies of teachers, namely personal competence and social competence. These basic competencies can also be applied in all Islamic-based educational institutions to improve the quality of morals, ethics and adab of education personnel, especially for teachers.

Keywords: Moral Competence, Hasyim Asy'ari, Teacher, Islamic Education, Islamic Education Philosophy.

References


Ad Dimasyqi, Muhammad Jamaluddin al Qasimi. 1995. Mauidhatu al Mu’minin min Ihya’i Ulum ad Diin. Beirut: Dar al Fikr li an Nasyr wa at Tauzi’.

Akaha, Akhmad Zulfaidin. 2001. Psikologi Anak dan Remaja Muslim. Jakarta Timur: Pustaka al Kautsar.

Al Bantani, Muhammad Ibnu Umar al Jawi. 1996. Terjemah Nashaihul ‘Ibad. Diterjemahkan oleh: Ahmad Sunarto. Surabaya: al Hidayah.

Al Ghazali, Muhammad. 1995. Ihya Ulum ad diin. Diterjemahkan oleh: Muh Zuhri. Jilid III. Semarang: CV. As-Syifa.

Al Ghazali, Muhamamd. 1995. Muhtasar Ihya Ulumuddin. Diterjemahkan oleh: Zaid Husein al-Hamid. Jakarta: Pustaka Amani.

Al Ghazali, Muhammad. 2008. Mutiara Ihya Ulumuddin: Ringkasan Yang Ditulis Sendiri Oleh Sang Hujjatul Islam. Diterjemahkan oleh: Irwan Kurniawan. Bandung: Mizan Pustaka.

Al Ghazali, Muhammad.2008. Ihya Ulumuddin Jilid III. Beirut: Dar al Fikr li an Nasyr wa at Tauzi’.

Al Hilali, Salim bin ‘Ied. 2007. Beruntunglah Orang-orang yang khusyu’. Jakarta: Pustaka Ibnu Katsir.

Al-Jamaly, Muhammad Fadhil. 1977. Nahwa Tarbiyat Mukminat. Tunis: al-Syirkat al-Tunisiyat li al-Tauzi’.

Al Mawardi, Abu Hasan Ali ibn Muhammad ibn Habib al Bashri. 2013. Adab ad Dunya wa ad Diin. Beirut: Dar al Kutub al Ilmiyah.

Al Mas’udi, Hafidz Hasan. Taisirul Khalaq fi Ilmi al Akhlak. Surabaya: al Hidayah.

Al Raziy, Ahmad Ibn Faris Ibn Zakariya al-Qazwainiy. 1979. Mu’jam Maqayis al Lughah. Juz 2. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr li an Nasyr wa at Tauzi’.

Al Qurasyi, Abu Fida’ Ismail Ibn Umar Ibn Katsir. 2000. Tafsiru al-Qur’an al-Adzim. Cet. I. Beirut: Dar Ibn Hazm.

Anis, Ibrahim. 2004. Al Mu’jam al Wasith. Kairo: Maktabah as Syuruk ad Dauliyyah.

An Naisaburi, Abul Qasim Abdul Karim Hawazin Al Qusyairi. 2002. Risalah Qusyairiyah Sumber Kajian Ilmu Tasawuf. Diterjemahkan oleh: Ma’ruf Zariq & Ali Abdul Hamid Balthajy. Jakarta: Pustaka Amani.

Arifin, Muzayyin. 2016. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Asrari. 1963. Al Bayanu al Mushaffa fi Washiati al Musthafa. Semarang: Toha Putra.

As Sakandari, Ahmad Ibnu Atha‟illah. 2006. Al-Hikam: Menyelam ke Samudera Ma‟rifat dan Hakekat. Diterjemahkan oleh: Moh. Syamsi. Surabaya: Penerbit Amelia.

Asy’ari, Muhammad Hasyim. at-Tibyan fi an-Nahyi an Muqhatha’ati al-Arham wa al-Aqarib wa al-Ikhwan. Jombang: Pustaka Warisan Islam Tebuireng.

Asy’ari, Muhammad Hasyim. 2019. Pendidikan Akhlak untuk Pengajar dan Pelajar, Terjemah Adabul Alim wa al Muta’allim. Jombang: Pustaka Tebuireng.

Asy Syinawi, Abdul Aziz. 2014. Biografi Empat Imam Mazhab. Jakarta: Beirut Publishing.

Daradjat, Zakiyah. 2014. Metodik Khusus Pembelajaran Agama Islam. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Darwis, Rahmi. 2013. Tasawuf. Cet. I. Makassar: Alauddin University Press.

Fakhruddin, Asef Umar. 2010. Menjadi Guru Favorit, Pengenalan, Pemahaman, dan Praktek Mewujudkannya. Jogjakarta: Diva Press.

Fathurrahman, Muhammad & Sulistyorini. 2012. Belajar & Pembelajaran, Meningkatkan Mutu Pembelajaran Sesuai Standar Nasional. Yogyakarta: Teras.

Hadziq, Muhammad Ishomuddin. 2007. Irsyaadu as-Saari: Kumpulan Kitab Karya Hadratussyaikh KH. M. Hasyim Asy’ari. Jombang: Pustaka Warisan Islam Tebuireng.

Hamid, Hamdani & Beni Ahmad Saebani. 2013. Pendidikan Karakter Islam. Bandung, Pustaka Setia.

Ilyas, Yunahar. 2007. Kuliah Akhlaq. Yogyakarta: LIPI-Pustaka Pelajar.

Isma’il, Ibrahim. Syarh Ta’lim al Muta’allim. Surabaya: Dar al Ilmi.

Jumantoro, Totok & Samsul Munir Amin. 2005. Kamus Ilmu Tasawuf. Wonosobo: Amzah.

Kunandar. 2007. Guru Profesional: Implementasi Kurikulum Tingkat Satuan Pendidikan (KTSP) dan Sukses dalam Sertifikasi Guru. Jakarta: Rajagrafindo Persada.

Ma’luf, Louis. 1986. al-Munjid fi al-Lughah wal-A'lam. Beirut: Dar al Masyriq.

Munawwir, Ahmad Warson. 1997. Kamus Arab-Indonesia al Munawwir. Surabaya: Pustaka Progressif.

Poerwadarminta, WJS. 1982. Kamus Umum Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: PN. Balai Pustaka.

Pusat Bahasa. 2002. Kamus Besar Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Balai Pustaka.

Putra, Dolizal. 2017. “Khauf, Khasyah dan Taqwa dalam Tafsir al-Misbah Karya Muhammad Quraish Shihab”, Tugas Skripsi. Universitas Islam Negeri Sunan Kalijaga. Yogyakarta.

Roe, Robert A. 2001. Competencies and Competence Management. Prague: Paper Euoropean Congress for W&O Psychology.

Rosyidin, Muhammad Abror. 2016. Gus Sholah: 9 Faktor Utama Islam Tertinggal. (https://tebuireng.online/gus-sholah-9-faktor-utama-islam-tertinggal/, diakses pada 16 Juni 2020).

Rosyidin, Muhammad Abror. 2018. Tatkala Kiai Hasyim Menegur Seorang Ahli Ibadah. (https://tebuireng.online/gus-sholah-9-faktor-utama-islam-tertinggal/, diakses pada 16 Juni 2020).

Shihab, Quraish. 2007. Ensiklopedia al-Qur’an Kajian Kosakata. Cet. I. Jakarta: Lentera Hati.

Sutrisno, Edy. 2012. Manajemen Sumber Daya Manusia. Jakarta: Kencana.

Tafsir, Ahmad, 2017. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam, Integrasi Jasmani, Rohani, dan Kalbu, Memanusiakan Manusia. Bandung: Rosda Karya.

Tim Mendiknas. 2006. Undang-Undang No. 14 Tahun 2005 tentang Guru. Jakarta: Mendiknas.

Umam, Muhammad Khoirul. 2008. Telaah Nilai-Nilai Konsep Pemikiran KH. Hasyim Asy’ari dalam Pendidikan Islam” dalam Buah Pemikiran Hadratussyaikh KH. M. Hasyim Asy’ari dalam Bidang Pendidikan. Jombang: Pustaka Tebuireng-Pusat Kajian Pemikiran Hasyim Asy’ari.

Yunus, Mahmud. 1990. Kamus Arab-Indonesia. Jakarta: Hida Karya Agung.

Zain, Sutan Muhammad. Kamus Modern Bahasa Indonesia. Jakarta: Grafika.

Zuhairini. 2018. Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.


Article Metrics

 Abstract Views : 227 times
 PDF Downloaded : 76 times

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.