MASJID DALAM LINTASAN SEJARAH UMAT ISLAM

Autor(s): Syamsul Kurniawan
DOI: 10.24260/khatulistiwa.v4i2.258

Abstract

Today, the mosque began narrowing its function, not as it used to be especially in the period of the Prophet. Historically, at the time of Prophet Muhammad, the mosque was not restricted to function as a place of worship only (to pray and read the Quran), but served as the hub of all activities of Muslims. Based on what exemplified by the Prophet, in addition to being a place of ritual worship, the mosque also had other functions such as: first, as a place to study; second, a place to issue a fatwa; third, a place to try cases; fourth, a place for Prophet Muhammad to welcome guests/groups/representatives; fifth, a place for people to wed; sixth, a center for social services; seventh, a place for war practice; and eighth, a place for medical or health service. With a historical-theological approach, this study aims to straighten out any misunderstanding of Muslims at this time about the functions of mosques, or to give at least historical description of the mosque in the history of Muslims as a whole, as well as to explain what we should do to enliven the mosque.

Full Text:

PDF

References

Argun, Muhammad al Shadiq, tth. Rasulullah Saw. Beirut: Dar al-Qalam.

Al-Asqalani, Ibn Hajar, 1989. Fathul Bari Syarhu Shahih al-Bukhari. Beirut: Darul Kutub al-Ilmiyyah.

Al-Bukhari, Abu ‘Abdullah Muhammad ibn Ismail ibn Ibrahim ibn al-Mughirah ibn Bardizbah al-Ju’fi, tth. Shahih Bukhari. Beirut: Dar al-Fikr.

Al Buthy, Muhammad Sa’id Ramadhan, 2010. Sirah Nabawiyah: Analisis Ilmiah Manhajiah Sejarah Pergerakan Islam di Masa Rasulullah Saw. Jakarta: Rabbani Press.

CD Mausu‘ah al-Hadits al-Syarif, 1991-1997, VCR II. Global Islamic Software Company/ Syirkah al-Baramij al-Islamiyyah al-Dauliyyah.

DEPAG RI, 1989. Al-Qur‘an dan Terjemahan. Semarang: Toha Putra.

Gazalba, Sidi, 1994. Mesjid, Pusat Ibadat dan Kebudayaan Islam. Jakarta: Pustaka Al Husna.

Kurniawan, Syamsul dan Erwin Mahrus, 2013. Jejak Pemikiran Tokoh Pendidikan Islam. Yogyakarta: Arruzz Media.

Makdisi, George, 1990. Religion, Law and Learning Classical Islam. Hampshire: Variorum.

Munawwir, Ahmad Warson, 1997. Kamus al-Munawwir. Surabaya: Pustaka Progresif.

Al-Naisaburi, Abu al-Husain Muslim bin al-Hajjaj bin Muslim bin Kausyaz al-Qusyairi, 1992. Shahih Muslim. Beirut Dar al-Fikr.

Shihab, Quraish, 1996. Wawasan al-Quran. Jakarta: Mizan.

Suyudi, 2005. Pendidikan dalam Perspektif al-Quran: Integrasi Epistemologi Bayani, Burhani, dan Irfani. Yogyakarta: Mikraj.

Al-Suyuthi, al-Imam al-Hafidz Jalaluddin, 2004. Asbab an-Nuzul. Tk: Maktabah al-Tsaqafah al-Dinayah.

Syifa, Abu Dira, 2009. “Banyak Gereja di Jual di Inggris”, dalam https://abudira.wordpress.com/2009/05/15/banyak-gereja-dijual-di-inggris-2/ (akses internet tanggal 20 November 2014).

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.