THE DEVELOPMENT OF ISLAM IN THE KUBU KINGDOM (1768 – 1944)

Erwin Mahrus

Abstract

The origin of the Kubu Kingdom was previously marked with the establishment of a village at the junction of three rivers and the construction of a fort in 1768. In other words, Kubu was a checkpoint to secure the waters from pirate attacks (Djunaidy, 2001). The new village was officially named “Kubu” in 1775 (Yosep, 1995). Later on, it became a kingdom because of the massive migration into the new territory. They embraced Islam and made it an Islamic Kingdom in West Borneo. The territory of Kubu Kingdom was very limited merely to include Padang Tikar, Terentang, Kubu, and Teluk Pekadai. Originally this area was empty. It means that the Kubu Kingdom initially did not consist of densely populated villages. As a new region, it is thought that the establishment of this Kingdom coincided with the advent of Islam brought by Syarif Idrus Alaydrus. Thus, there have been long dynamics of Islamization in this Kingdom, and reached its peak when Syarif Abbas was in power. During his reign, the institution of the mufti was created and a number of religious works were written. This paper looks at the process of early entry and development of Islam in the Kubu Kingdom, its religious scholars and their works as well as its religious institutions that once existed in the Kingdom.

Keywords: Islam, Kubu Kingdom, religious works and religious institutions

Full Text:

PDF

References

H. Riva’ai bin H. Abbas. 1984. Riwayat Hidup Al-Mukarram al-Hajj al-Fadhil Ismail Mundu. naskah

Irwin, Graham. 1986. Borneo Abad Kesembilan Belas: Kajian Mengenai Persaingan Diplomatik. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Kementerian Pelajaran Malaysia

Ismail Mundu. Jadwal al-Nikah. Percetakan Singapura

----------------. Jadwal al-Nikah. Percetakan Batavia

----------------. Kumpulan Khutbah Jilid 1-14. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Pertama. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Kedua. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Ketiga. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Keempat. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yangKelima. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yangKeenam. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yangKetujuh. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yangKedelapan. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yangKesembilan. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yangKesepuluh. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yangKesebelas. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Keduabelas. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Ketigabelas. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Keempatbelas. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Kelimabelas. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mi’raj Juzu’ yang Keenambelas. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Majmu’ al-Mirats fi Hukm al-Faraidh. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Zikir Tauhidiyah. Unpublished Manuscript

----------------. Mukhtatasar al-Mannan fi Ibadat al-Rahman. Percetakan Singapura.

Lisyawati Nurcahyani. 1997. Pendataan Sejarah Kerajaan Kubu. Balai Kajian Sejarah dan nilai Tradisional. Laporan Penelitian

Mahmud Yunus. 1962. Sejarah Pendidikan Islam di Indonesia. Jakarta: Sumber Widya

Pasifikus Ahok, dkk. 1983. Sejarah Pendidikan Daerah Kalimantan Barat. Pontianak: Dapartemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kalimantan Barat

Pasifikus Ahok, dkk. 1992. Sejarah Revolusi Kemerdekaan (1945-1949) Daerah Kalimantan Barat. Pontianak: Dapartemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan Kalimantan Barat

Pijper, G.F., 1984. Beberapa Studi tentang Sejarah Islam di Indonesia 1900-1950. diterjemahkan oleh Tudjimah. Jakarta: UI Press

Sendam XII/ Tanjungpura. 1970. Sejarah Kodam XII/ Tanjoengpoera Berjoeang. Pontianak: Sendam XII

Soedarto, dkk. 1979. Sejarah Kebangkitan Nasional Daerah Kalimantan Barat. Jakarta: Departemen dan Kebudayaan

Soedarto. 1986. Deskripsi Peta Sejarah Peta Kalimantan Bara. Pontianak: Balai kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional

Soedarto. 1986. Peta Sejarah Peta Kalimantan Bara. Pontianak: Balai kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional

Sy. Djunaidy. 1997. Menyingkap Sejarah Kerajaan Kubu. Naskah Ketikan Manual

Sy. Saleh. Nasihat al-Zaman. Batavia: Kantor Cetak dan Toko Kitab Sayyid Ali Alaydrus

Veth. P.J. 1584. Borneo’s Wester-Afdeeling.

Victor T. King. 1993. The Peoples of Borneo. Oxford UK dan Cambridge USA: Blackwell

Yoseph. 1996. Selayang Pandang Kerajaan Kubu. Unpublished Manuscript

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 963 PDF views: 623