Mapping the Religious Response of the Disaster-Hit Community: (Redefinition of Relationship between Human, God, Nature and Religion in Disaster Construction)

Ibnu  Mujib


This paper would like to map the religious response in a post-disaster community. In an academic discourse, a post-disaster community is one with abnormal conditions, including how it defines aspects of Divinity in their religious perspective. Thus, the complexity of issues that encompass a disaster-hit community will shape the worldview, perspective, and the understanding of the relationship between human, God, nature, and religion, serves as the basic assumption of this research. So, there are several points that will be introduced in this paper including: first, the disaster typology from the perspective of the experts; second, the debate between the divine law and the law of nature in the context of disaster; and third, the religious response of the disaster-hit community over the history of the events of disaster. The research shows some important findings including the emergence of various forms of response about the events of disaster and their relation to human, God, nature, and religion itself. Since the concepts of disaster appear from a post-disaster society, on one side also require relationship which is able not only to respond to disasters but also to provide constructive solutions to the survival of the post-disaster community. Therefore, the stronger the religious normative doctrine of a person, the more difficult to bring closer to the context his survival not to mention life improvement. Nevertheless, in the majority of other communities that culturally experienced two sides of mass dilemma i.e. the theological concept of submission, patience, and gratitude in the religious worldview of post-disaster community as the disaster not only happened to a person but also to many people.


response; disaster; relationship; human; God; nature; disaster

Full Text:



Abdullah, Irwan. 2006. ”Dialektika Natur, Kultur dan Struktur: Analisis Konteks, Proses, dan Ranah dalam Konstruksi Bencana” in Pidato pengukuhan guru besar FIB-UGM, Nov. Unpublished Paper.
Andreskov, C. 2004. ”Anthropology and Disaster.”
Bagir, Haidar. 2005. Membincang Keadilan Tuhan (teodice) dalam Bencana Tsunami di Aceh, Kompas 02/02/.
Benson, Herbert & William Proctor. 2000. Keimanan yang Menyembuhkan: Dasar-dasar Respons Releksasi, Bandung: Kaifa.
Blaikie, P. 2002. ”Vulnerabilityand Disaster” in V. Desai and R. Potter (Eds) The Companion and to Development Studies. London: Arnold.
Durkheim, Email. 1992. The Elementary Forms of the Religious Life. New York: Free Press.
Eva Illous, 2006. From the Lisbon Disaster to Oprah Winfrey Suffering as Identity in the Era of Globalization.
Garvey, John. 2005. Is God Responsible? The Tsunami and Other Disaster. Commonweal; Academic Research Library.
Hardiman, Budi. 2002. “Posisi agama dan sains, in Artikel Seminar “The Future of Religion-Science Dialogue”. Jakarta: Universitas Paramadina.(Rabu, 13/12). Kompas.
Hewitt, K. 1993. Interpretation of Calamity, New York: Allen and Unwin.
Homan, J. 2003. “The Social Construction of Natural Disaster: Egypt and the UK,” in Natural Disasters and Development in a Globalizing World, edited by M. Pelling, London: Routledge, 141-156.
Ismail, Mawardi. 2005. “Beberapa Masalah Sosial dalam Proses Rehabilitasi dan Rekonstruksi Provinsi NAD,” One Day Workshop, Reconstruction and Reconciliation for Aceh: Where To Go? Organized by. Tim Aceh bangkit, Gadjah Mada University February 22.
Muhammad, Gunawan. Tuhan pasca tsunami. Jakarta: Freedom Institute dan Jaringan Islam liberal, (
Pike, Nelson. (ed). 1964. Good and Evil. New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliff.
Pro Quest Eco-Disester or God’s Wrath? Indians React to Tsunami.14/08/2006
Putra, Heddy Shri-Ahimsa . 2000. “Peringatan, Cobaan, dan Takdir: Politik Tafsir Bencana Merapi”, Masyarakat Indonesia Jilid XXVI, No. 1.
Satkorlak provinsi NAD (Serambi Indonesia, Sabtu 19 Februari 2005)
Schuon, Frithcof. 1995. Transfigurasi Manusia, Refleksi Antrosophia Perenialis. Yogyakarta: Qolam press.
Sholeh, Muh dan Imam Musbikin. 2005. Agama Sebagai Terapi, Telaah Menuju Ilmu Kedokteran Holistic. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Smith, Oliver and Hoffman, S. M. 1999. The Angry Earth: Disaster in Anthropolohical Perspective, New York: Routhledge.
Sola scriptura, Kanisius, Vol. 1, no 2 Februari-Maret 2007
Tylor, EB. 2000. “Animisme dan Magic,” in Daniel L. Pall Seven Theory of Religion, Yogyakarta: Qolam Press.
www. bencana, July 19, 2006.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 604 PDF views: 459