WE ARE FROM THE SAME ANCESTORS: CHRISTIAN-MUSLIM RELATIONS IN CONTEMPORAY ACEH SINGKIL

Muhammad Ansor

Abstract

The following Paper discusses the Muslim-Christian relations in Aceh Singkil Regency as well as the process of religious identity formation in the context of the debate over the Islamic Sharia in Aceh. First of all I will present the overview of the socio-political context of the regulations of Islamic jurisprudence in Aceh and the position of non-Muslims in such regulations. Next, I will trace the impact of the regulations on the format of the Muslim-Christian relations. Based on the Goffman theory of dramaturgy, this paper found that Muslim-Christian relations in Singkil were a complex narrative, often opposite between the appearance of the front stageand the backstage. Amid suspicions of the majority of the Aceh Singkil Muslims and the local Government of the existence of Christians, Interfaith communities at the grassroots level are precisely trying to build harmony and co-existence. I conclude that the consciousness about the similarities of ethnic origins has so far contributed effectivelyto suppressing the conflict between the two religions in Aceh Singkil.

Keywords: Ethnicity, Muslim-Christian Relations, Aceh Singkil

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ali-Fauzi, Ihsan et.al. 2011. Kontroversi Gereja di Jakarta, Yogyakarta: CRCS Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Ansor, Muhammad. 2013. Yang Bersalib Yang Berjilbab: Politik Representasi dan Negosiasi Identitas Perempuan Kristen Langsa, Puslitbang Kehidupan Keagamaan Kementerian Agama, Jakarta. Unpublished Research Report.

Baqir, Zainal Abidin, Moh. Iqbal Ahnaf, Marthen Tahun, Budi Asyhari. (2013). Laporan Kehidupan Beragama di Indonesia 2012, Yogyakarta: CRCS Universitas Gadjah Mada.

Crouch, Melissa. 2010. ‘Implementing the Regulation on Places of Worship in Indonesia: New Problems, Local Politics and Court Action’, Asian Studies Review, December 2010, Vol. 34, pp. 403-419.

Geertz, Clifford. 1980. Negara: The Theatre State in Nineteenth-Century Bali, Chichester, West Sussex: Princeton University Press.

Giddens, Anthony. 2004. The Constitution of Society: Teory Strukturasi untuk Analisis Sosial, Malang: Pedati.

Goffman, Erving. 1959. Presentation of self in Everiday Life, Garden Sity, New York: Anchor.

Goffman, Erving. 1963. Behavior in Public Places: Notes on the Social Organization of Gatherings, New York: The Free Press.

Ikrar Kerugunan Beragama Muslim dan Kristen di Wilayah Kecamatan Simpang Kanan, Aceh Singkil, 13 Oktober 1979

Kesimpulan Rapat Tindak Lanjut Pengaduan Masyarakat Tentang Pembangunan Gereja di Kabupaten Aceh Singkil, 27 September 2011.

Kingsbury, Damien. 2007. ‘The Free Aceh Movement: Islam and Democratication’, Journal of Contemporary Asia, Vol. 37, Issue 2. pp. 166-189. DOI : 10.1080/00472330701253759.

Kyimlicka, Will. 1995. Multicultural Citizenship: A Liberal Theory of Minority Right. New York: Oxford University Press.

Laporan Hasil Pelaksanaan Penertiban Rumah Ibadah (Gereja/Undung-undung) Dalam Wilayah Kabupaten Aceh Singkil, Kementerian Agama Kantor Kabupaten Aceh Singkil, 12 Mei 2012.

Kronologi Rencana Pembongkaran Gereja-gereja di Aceh Singkil 28 April - 2 Mei 2012, GKPPD Kuta Karangan Aceh Singkil, 2 Mei 2012.

Marzuki, ‘Kerukunan dan Kebebasan Beragaman dalam Pelaksanaan Syariat Islam di Aceh’, Jurnal Harmoni, Vol. IX No 36. pp. 157-170

McKinnon, E. Edwards. 2006. ‘Indian and Indonesia Elements in Early North Sumatra, in Anthony Reid (ed.), Verandah of Violance: The Background to the Aceh Problem, Singapore: Singapore University Press.

Milallos, Ma. Theresa R. 2007. ‘Muslim Veil as Politics: Political Autonomy, Women and Syariah Islam in Aceh’, Cont Islam 1, pp-289-301. DOI : 10.1007/s11562-007-0028-5.

Mistzal, Barbara Anna. 2001. ‘Normality and Trust in Goffman’s Theory of Interaction Order’, Sociological Theory 19, pp. 312-324.

Mubarok. 1994/1994. Rengkuman Peta Kehidupan Keagamaan Indonesia Edisi II, Jakarta: Balitbang dan Pengembangan Agama Kementerian Agama.

Mujiburrahman. 2006. Feeling Threatened: Muslim-Christian Relations in Indonesia’s New Order. Leiden: Amsterdam University Press.

Parekh, Bhikhu. 2008. Rethinking Multiculturalism: Keberagaman Budaya dan Teori Politik, Yogyakarta: Penerbit kanisiun dan Impulse.

Peraturan Bersama Menteri Agama No 9/2006 dan Menteri Dalam Negeri No 8/2006 Tentang Pedoman Pelaksanaan Tugas Kepala Daerah/Wakil Kepala Daerah Dalam Pemeliharaan Kerukunan Umat Beragama, Pemberdayaan Forum Kerukunan Umat Beragama dan Pendirian Ruamah Ibadat, Jakarta 21 Maret 2006.

Peraturan Gubernur Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam No 25/2007 Tentang Pedoman Pendirian Rumah Ibadat, Banda Aceh, 19 Juni 2007.

Pernyataan Bersama Muslim dan Kristen di Wilayah Kecamatan Simpang Kanan, Aceh Singkil, 11 Juli 1979

Ritzer, George. 2012. Teori Sosiologi Dari Sosiologi Klasik sampai Perkembangan terakhir Postmodern, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Safrilsyah, ‘Non-Muslim Under the Regulation of Islamic Law in Aceh Province’, paper presented ini AICIS XII Surabaya, 5-8 November 2012.

Salim, Arskal. 2009. Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Law in Modern Indonesia, Honohulu: University of Hawai Press.

Smith, Jane Idleman. 2007. Muslims, Christians, and the Challenge of Interfaith Dialogue. New York: Oxford University Press.

Stenbrink, Karel. 2006. Dutch Colonialism and Indonesian Islam: Contact and Conflict 1596-1950, Amsterdam: Rodopi.

Surat Perjanjian Bersama Umat Agama Islam dan Kristen Kecamatan Simpang Kanan, Gunung Meriah, dan Danau Paris Kabupaten Aceh Singkil, 11 Oktober 2001.

Wahid, Yenny Zannuba. 2012. Laporan Akhir Tahun Kebebasan Beragama dan Intoleransi 2012, Jakarta: The Wahid Institute and Tifa Foundation.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 528 PDF views: 369