The Myth of Sayyidina Ali’s “Illegitimate Child” Crocodile: The Phenomenon of Syncretism Among Coastal Communities in West Kalimantan

Eka Hendry Ar., Ria Hayatunnur Taqwa, Syf. Fatimah

Abstract


West Kalimantan has various local cultural treasures in the form of ritual traditions, arts as well as oral traditions in the form of pantun, abstinence, legends, and myths. The cultural treasures spread throughout the West Kalimantan regions, one of which is found in the coastal area of the Province. The treasure that attracts the attention of the researchers is the oral tradition of the myth found in coastal areas of Kubu and Teluk Pakedai. The myth is the crocodile of anak kampang Sayyidina Ali (Sayyidina Ali‘s “illegitimate child“). This myth contains many dimensions, ranging from the dimensions of local culture and religious views to syncretism. The researchers also assume that the myth contains a negative stereotype against Shi’a. This research attempts to reconstruct the culture of the myth in various spectra. This research uses ethnography method. It reveals some interesting aspects such as euhemerism of the figure of Imam Ali. The myth also contains a very strong syncretic content, thus arising a paradox of the existing character, between glorifying and degrading. It arises because of a thorough understanding of the history of Islam on the one hand, and the strong style of local tradition held by the community on the other. However, the myth is quite functional for society, because it indirectly instills awareness about nature conservation. Finally, in relation to the allegations of political motives in myth, the researchers found no sufficient data, but the academic suspicion of the researchers had a strong belief in it.


Keywords


myths; syncretism; euhemerism; mithologization of figures; negative stereotypes; political myths; conservation

References


Abdulroya Panaemalae, A., & Prasojo, Z. (2016). Islam and the West: Tariq Ramadan and the Discourse of Religion of Peace for a Global Understanding. Al-Albab, 5(2), 237 - 250. doi:https://doi.org/10.24260/alalbab.v5i2.507

Alifuddin, M. (2007). Islam Buton: Interaksi Islam dengan Budaya Lokal. Jakarta: Badan Litbang dan Diklat Departemen Agama RI.

Armstrong, K. (2013). Compassion: 12 Langkah Menuju Hidup Berbelas Kasih. Bandung: Mizan.

Atjeh, A. (1977). Aliran Syi’ah di Nusantara. Jakarta: Islamic Research Institute.

Baal, J.V. (1987). Sejarah dan Pertumbuhan Teori Antropologi Budaya (hingga dekade 1970-an) Jilid 1. Jakarta: PT. Gramedia.

Budiwanti, E. (2000). Islam Sasak. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Daeng, H. J. (2000). Manusia, Kebudayaan, dan Lingkungan: Tinjauan Anropologis. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

De Jong, de Josselin, P.E. (1980). “Myth and Non-Myth” in R. Schefold (Ed), Man, Meaning and History: Essays in Honour of H.G. Schulte Nordholt. The Hague: Martinus Nijhoff.

Dhavamony, M. (1995). Fenomenologi Agama. Yogyakarta: Kanisius.

Florus, P. (eds). (2005). Kebudayaan Dayak: Aktualisasi dan Transformasi. Pontianak: Institut Dayakologi.

Geertz, C. (1981). Santri, Priyayi, Abangan Dalam Masyarakat Jawa. Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya (translation).

Hartanto, J.R. (?). Wujud Sinkretisme Religi Aluk Todolo dengan Agama Kristen Protestan. (unpublished manuscript).

HS, H.S. (?). “Masyarakat Dayak Meratus, Agama Resmi dan Emansipasi”. in Zainul Erfan & Arriedlo (Eds.). Potret Banjar Dalam Kritik. Banjarmasin: Pusat Studi dan Pengembangan Borneo (PSPB).

Hermansyah & Ar. E.H. (2003). Nilai-nilai Pendidikan Dalam Upacara Robo’-Robo’ (unpublished research report). Pontianak: STAIN Pontianak.

Pelras, C. (2006). Manusia Bugis. Jakarta: Nalar.

Prasojo, Z. (2012). Penguatan Identitas Dayak Muslim Katab Kebahan. Al-Ulum, 12(2), 245-266. Retrieved from http://journal.iaingorontalo.ac.id/index.php/au/article/view/100

Putra, H.S.A. (2007). “Mencari Jati Diri dan Identitas Melayu.” Retrieved from http//www: melayu online.com. on 28 September 2007.

Sahide, A. (2013). KONFLIK SYI’AH-SUNNI PASCA-THE ARAB SPRING. Jurnal Kawistara, 3(3). /*doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.5225*/ doi:https://doi.org/10.22146/kawistara.5225

Syam, N. (2005). Islam Pesisir. Yogyakarta: LKiS.

Spradley, J.P. (1997). Metode Etnografi. Yogyakarta: Tiara Wacana.

Sutiyono, (?) Tradisi Maysarakat Sebagai Kekuatan Sinkretisme di Trucuk, Klaten (unpublished manuscript). Yogyakarta: FBS, Universitas Negeri Yogyakarta.

Taum, Y. Y. (2011) Lubuang Buaya: Mitos dan Kontra Mitos. Accessed from: http://www.academia.edu/3231296/LUBANG_BUAYA_MITOS_DAN_KONTRA-MITOS (on 3 Dec 2014).

Varisco, D.M. (2005). Islam Obscured: The Rhetoric of Anthropological Representation. New York: Palgrave MacMillan.

Wiyata, L. (2002). Carok, Konflik Kekerasan dan Harga Diri Orang Madura. Yogyakarta: LkiS.
Yulianto, J. (?). Teori Struktur Levi Strauss terhadap Mitos Raja Malwopati. Accessed from http://pascaunesa2011.blogspot.com/2012/06/teori-struktur-levi-strauss-terhadap.html (on April 2014).


Article Metrics

This article has been viewed : 37 times
PDF files viewed : 21 times Full Text: PDF

DOI: 10.24260/alalbab.v6i1.574

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.




Copyright (c) 2017 Eka Hendry Ar., Ria Hayatunnur Taqwa, Syf. Fatimah

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.