Trans-Religious Identity from the Edge? Promoting Interfaith Dialogue among Transgender Community in Yogyakarta

Achmad Fawaid

Abstract

Transgender issues, including those who have been called as ‘waria’, are diverse, complex, and evolving, particularly in Indonesia where the most inhabited people are Muslims commonly bringing with them any sexual and, sadly, religious stereotype to waria as marginal(ized) individuals. This paper aims to raise a question of our primordial understanding and religious experience on the existence of the transgender community. It focused on an empirical study of Kebaya (Keluarga Besar Komunitas Waria Yogyakarta), Yogyakarta’s Center for Transgendered, which is an NGO developed by transvestites in Yogyakarta to struggle against prejudice, acceptance, and HIV Aids. This study is not specifically to analyze their social relation, but importantly how the NGO became a shared space of interfaith dialogue and a representation of religios life among transgender people in Yogyakarta, including the ways they build socio-cultural-religious relation with other people and religious figures. It would be analyzed under socio-anthropological approach to religion by which this study reflect them as a part of the certain community who had special position in terms of interreligious dialogue. The implication of this study suggests that interfaith dialogue is possible, not only among the inner-circle of mainstream religious believers, but also among and from the edge community: from those who often feel ostracized within today’s trans-population in Indonesia.

Keywords

transgender community; interreligious dialogue; kebaya

Full Text:

PDF

References

Brooks, Hannah. 2011. “Warias, COme Out and Plaaayayay”, http://www.vice.com/ read/warias-come-out-and-plaaayayay-0000007-v18n10. The last access: 15th, August 2016
Fakih, Mansour, Jalan Lain: Manifesto Intelektual Organik, Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar bekerja sama dengan Insist Press, 2002.
Glaser, Chris. 2008. “Gender Identity and Our Faith Community.” A Guide for Advocacy, published by Human RIght Campaign. Online download: http://www.hrc.org/resources/gender-identity-and-our-faith-communities-a-congregational-guide-for-transg. The last access: August 15th, 2016.
Koeswinarno, Hidup sebagai Waria, Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2004.
Koeswinarno, “Islamic Response to Transexuality in Indonesia”, a paper presented in Southeast Asian Consorsium on Gender, Sexuality, and Sexual Health, Salaya, Thailand, 2003.
Koeswinarno. 1996. Waria dan Penyakit Menular Seksual. Yogyakarta: Pusat Penelitian Kependudukan UGM.
Boellstorff, Tom, “Playing Back the Nation: Waria, Indonesia Transvestites”, Cultural Anthropology, Vol. 19, No. 2 (Mei, 2004), pp. 159-195.
Boellstorff, Tom, “Between Religion and Desire: Being Muslim and Gay in Indonesia”, American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 107, No. 4 (Dec., 2005), pp. 575-585.
Tim LSM Kebaya, “Database Pendampingan Waria LSM Kebaya DIY Per-31 Mei 2011”, Yogyakarta: LSM Kebaya (unpublished).
Syam, Nur, Agama Pelacur: Dramaturgi Transendetal, Yogyakarta: LKiS, 2011
Murray, Stephen dan Will Roscoe, “Conclusion”, Islamic Homosexualities: Culture, History, and Literature, (eds. Murray dan Roscoe), New York: New York University Press, 1997, pp. 302-319.
Murtagh, Ben. 2013. Genders and Sexualities in Indonesian Cinema: Contructing Gay, Lesbi, and Waria Identities on Screen. Abingdon, Oxon, New York: Routledge.
Masterleo, Joe, “Intimacy: Religion vs. Spirituality”, http://www.joemasterleolcsw.com/2012/01/21/intimacy-religion-vs-spirituality/, diakses pada 12 Maret 2013.
Sunardi, “The Dead End of Religious Dialogue in Indonesia”, Interface 4, 1 Mei 2001, pp. 55-65.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 7 PDF views: 10