Mohamad Yusuf


This article is based on a fundamental question, what is the relationship between practicing the Muludan tradition and seeking of power by the Royal family of the Kanoman Sultanate in Cirebon? The Muludan is a tradition conducted by the Royal family, and thousands of people participate in this tradition. This article is aimed to analyze the extent of which the Royal family uses Muludan tradition to regain their political power as they had in the past. Our participatory research shows that the Muludan tradition could be defined as a religious-cultural system. This is not only a religious ritual but also a cultural tradition. On the one hand this tradition is done primarily based on the knowledge, beliefs, norms and moral values of religious teachings. People participating in this tradition believe that they would gain God blessing (Ngalap Berkah) and Shafa’at as cited by the Quran and the Hadith. On the other hand, this tradition involves cultural tradition that has been practiced by the local people since long time ago. This research also found that the Royal family fails to use this tradition to gain political power as they intend to do. This tradition could mainly effectively be implemented in terms of the socio-cultural relationship between the Sultan and the followers. Political power, the Royal family aims to gain through conducting the Muludan tradition, does not significantly happen.

Key words: The Muludan Tradition, Power Relationship, Religious Identity, and the Kanoman Sultanate

Full Text:



Abdullah, Irwan., 2002. Simbol, Makna dan Pandangan Hidup Orang Jawa Analisa Gunungan pada Upacara Grebeg. Yogyakarta: Balai Kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional.

Alexander, Bobby., 1987. Ritual and Current Studies of Ritual: Overview. In Stephen D. Galzier (ed.), Anthropology of Religion: a Handbook. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press.

Anderson, Benedict R. O’G., 1972. The Idea of Power in Javanese Culture, in Claire Holt, ed. 1972. Culture and Politics in Indonesia, Ithaca, New York: Cornell University Press.

-------------., 1990. Language and Power: Exploring Political Cultures in Indonesia. Ithaca, NY: Cornell University.

Bell, Chaterin., 1997. Ritual Theory, Ritual Practice. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press.

Craib, Ian., 1999. Modern Social Theory; from Parson to Habermas. Trans. Paul S. Baut, Jakarta: PT Grafindo Persada.

Dillistone FW., 2002. The Power of Symbol. Trans, Yogyakarta: Penerbit Kanisius.

De Graaf and Pigcaut., 1989. Kerajaan-Kerajaan Islam di Jawa: Peralihan dari Majapahit ke Mataram. Jakarta: Grafitti Press.

Durkheim, Emile., 1966. The Rules of Sociological Method. Edited by George E.G. Catlin, New York: the Free Press.

--------------- ., 2001. the Elementary Forms of Religious Life. translated by Carol Cosman, New York: Oxford University Press.

Eliade, Mircea., 1990. The Sacred and the Profane, the Nature of Religion. New York: Basic Books Inc. Publisher.

Geertz, Clifford., 1975. Islam Observed. Chicago: the University of Chicago Press.

---------------., 1976. The Religion of Java. New York: The Free Press of Glencoe.

Kuntowijoyo., 2004. Raja, Priyayi dan Kawula. Yogyakarta: Ombak.

Schilbrack, Kevin (ed.)., 2004. Thinking Through Rituals Philosophical Perspectives. New York: Routledge.

Nasution, Harun., 1994. Islam ditinjau dari Berbagai Aspek. Jakarta: Universitas Indonesia Press.

O’Dea, Thomas., 1998. Sosiologi Agama. Trans, Jakarta: Rajawali.

Soenardjo, Unang., 1983. Meninjau Sepintas Panggung Sejarah Pemerintahan Kerajaan Cirebon 1479 – 1809. Bandung: Tarsito.

Tambiah SJ., 1979. A Performative to Ritual. London: The British Academy and Oxford University Press.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 712 PDF views: 553