The Tuan Guru Tradition of Nahdlatul Wathan in Pesantren

Supratman Muslim, Suprapto Suprapto, Jamaluddin Jamaluddin

Abstract

Pesantren (Islamic Boarding Schools) is a religious educational institution that has long history in Indonesia. Pesatren has an important role in producing religious figures, including kyai (an expert of Islamic teachings) or tuan guru (grand teacher). However, this role began to fade as many secular educational institutions emerged due to modernization and globalization, and at the same time pesantren began to change a lot to adapt to this new system. This study aims to explore the role of the Ma’had Dar Al-Qur’an wa Al-Hadith Nahdlatul Wathan (MDQH NW) Islamic boarding school in maintaining the tuan guru (grand teacher) tradition, and the strategies used to maintain this tradition. This study used a qualitative method with data collected through techniques of participatory observation, in-depth interviews and documentation. The results indicate that the MDQH NW has a significant contribution in maintaining the tuan guru tradition. This is demonstrated by the pattern of education and all institutional activities oriented to the pesantren culture with the study of the al-Mu’tabarah book with the halaqah system. The strategies include strengthening traditional education, strengthening socio-religious relations, and strengthening Islamic da’wah. Continuity is also seen in the social relations built with the masyayikh (internal quality assurance) at Madrasah Shaulatiyah Makkah. Changes also occurred at the MDQH NW in Pancor regarding the duration of studies, especially for the talibat (female students) who previously took 3 years then extended to 4 years, which is the same duration as the tullab (male students). However, the MDQH NW Islamic Boarding School in Anjani still maintains the rule that has become the legacy of its founders, namely three years for the talibat and four the tullab.

Keywords

Tuan Guru; Tradition; Nahdlatul Wathan; Pesantren

Full Text:

PDF

References

Anwar, M. (2017). Filsafat Pendidikan. Jakarta: Aditya Andrebina Agung.

Arifin, M. (2000). Filsafat Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Azra, A. (2000). Pendidikan Islam, tradisi dan Modernisasi Menuju Milinium Baru.Jakarta, Logos Wacana Ilmu.

Dewan Redaksi Ensiklopedi Islam. 1994. Esiklopedi Islam. Jakarta: Ichtiar Baru.

Dhofier, Z. (1984).Tradisi Pesanteren, Studi tentang Pandangan Hidup Kyai.Jakarta: LP3ES.1

Fahrurrozi. (2019). “The Contribution of The Islamic Wasathiyah of Makkah al-Mukarromah in The Spreading of Islam in Lombok Indonesia.” Jurnal Pemikiran Islam Akademika, Vol. 24(2).

……….... (2017).“Tradisi Pengajian KItab Turats Melayu-Arab di Pulau Seribu Masjid dan Seribu Pesantren, Lombok, Indonesia”. Jurnal Kebudayaan Islam Ibda’, Volume 15(2).

Hamdi, S. (2019), Nahdlatul Wathan di Era Reformasi: Agama, Konflik Komunal dan Peta rekonsiliasi.Mataram: Pulham Media.

………… (2017). Integrasi Umat, Kemiskinan, dan Radikalisme dalam Jamaah Tablighi Di Indonesia. Jurnal Review Politik, Vol. 7(1).

…………(2017), Pesantren dan Gerakan Feminisme di Indonesia.Samarinda: IAIN Samarinda Press.

…………(2015) ‘Tuan guru, Politik dan Kekerasan Ritual dalam Konflik Nahdlatul Wathan di Lombok Nusa Tenggara Barat’ Teologia, Vol. 26(2).

Jamaluddin. (2019).Jejak-Jejak Arkeologi Islam di Lombok.Mataram: Sanabil.

…………….. (2017). “Sistem Pendidikan Pesantren Dalam Penguatan Kualifikasi Abituren MDQH Al-Majidiah Asy-Syafi’iyah Nahdlatul Wathan Pancor.” Jurnal Schemata, Volume 6 (1).

Fakihuddin, L. (2018). “Relasi Antara Budaya Sasak Dan Islam: Kajian Berdasarkan Perspektif Folklor Lisan Sasak.”Jurnal Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia, Vol. 1(2).

Maimun.(2017). “Pola Pendidikan Pesantren”.Jurnal Dirosat, Volume 2(2).

Mujib, A. dan Mudzakkir, J. (2006). Ilmu Pendidikan Islam. Jakarta: Kencana.

Nasir, R.M. (2010).Mencari Tipologi Format Pendidikan Islam Ideal Pondok Pesantren di Tengah Arus Perubahan. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.

Rangkuti, F. (2008). Analisis SWOT Tehnik Membedah Kasusu Bisnis. Jakarta: Gramedia.

Satria, R. (2019). “Intlektual Pesantren: Mempertahankan Tradisi Di Tengah Modernitas”.Jurnal Penelitian dan Pengabdian,Vol.7(2).

Shiddiq, A. (2015). “Tradisi Akademik Pesantren”.Jurnal Tadris, Volume 10 (2).

Smith. B.J. & Hamdi, S. (2014). ‘Between Sufi and Salafi subjects: Female leadership, spiritual power and gender matters in Lombok’, in Bianca J. Smith & M Woodward (eds.), Gender and Power in Indonesian Islam: Leaders, Feminists, Sufis and Pesantren Selves. NY and Oxford: Routledge

Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan RD.Bandung: Alfabeta.

Suprapto. (2017). “Sasak Muslim and Interreligious Harmony”, Journal of Indonesian Islam, Volume 11(1).

…………….. (2013). Semerbak Dupa di Pulau Seribu Masjid; Kontestasi, Integrasi, dan Resolusi Konflik Hindu-Muslim. Jakarta: Kencana Prenadamedia Group.

Subhan, A. (2012). Lembaga Pendidikan Islam Indonesia Abad ke 20, Pergumulan Antara Modernisasi dan Identitas. Jakarta: Kencana.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 144 PDF views: 120