Portrait of Moderate Islam Within Muslim University Students in Indonesia

Ahmad Jais, Sumin Sumin

Abstract

The violence in the name of religion is now not only happening in the Middle East but has also penetrated Indonesia. Indonesia is not only known as a Muslim-majority country that is friendly and peace-loving but also has a diversity of religions, ethnicities, races, and cultures that have the potential to trigger conflict at any time. Violations of religious freedom in Indonesia have increased dramatically in recent years. This study is aimed to explore the understanding of Muslim students in Indonesia about Islamic moderation, the perceptions of Muslim students in Indonesia about the application of Islamic moderation, and the challenges and strategies of universities in implementing Islamic moderation on Muslim students in Indonesia. This study uses phenomenology approach with Muslim students as the object of the research. The participants were selected purposively as many as 20 students. This study finds that Muslim students in Indonesia characterize Islamic moderation as Muslims who are open to technological change, tolerant and harmonious with other Muslims and non-Muslims, non-violent, democratic, and access to comprehensive Islamic sources. Even though Muslim students in Indonesia have implemented Islamic moderation, there are still misconceptions about Islamic moderation. The challenge of implementing Islamic moderation in Muslim students is that they are easily exposed to extreme understanding through social media or the pragmatic and rational Islamic community. 

Keywords

Portrait; Moderate Islam; Muslim University Students; Indonesia

Full Text:

PDF

References

Ab Rashid, R., Fazal, S. A., Ab. Halim, Z., Mat Isa, N., Mohamad Yusoff, Z. J., Musa, R., & Hamzah, M. I. (2020). Conceptualizing the characteristics of moderate Muslims: a systematic review. Social Identities, 26(6), 829–841. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504630.2020.1814720

Borum, R. (2011). Radicalization into Violent Extremism I: A Review of Social Science Theories. Journal of Strategic Security, 4(4), 7–36. https://doi.org/10.5038/1944-0472.4.4.1

Creswell, J. W., & Creswell, J. D. (2017). Research design: Qualitative, quantitative, and mixed methods approaches. Sage publications.

Denzin, N. K. (2012). Triangulation 2.0. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 6(2), 80–88.

Denzin, N. K., & Lincoln, Y. S. (2011). The Sage handbook of qualitative research. sage.

Gunawan, H., Mahmud, M. S., & Nurshobah, A. (2021). Implementation of Religious Moderation Education at Islamic Boarding School of Darussalam Ciamis. Vol. 9(10 October 2021). https://www.ijern.com/journal/2021/October-2021/10.pdf

Hanapi, M. S. (2014). The wasatiyyah (moderation) concept in Islamic epistemology: a case study of its implementation in Malaysia. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4(9), 1.

Helmy, M. I., Jumadil Kubro, A. D., & Ali, M. (2021). The Understanding of Islamic Moderation (wasatiyyah al-Islam) and the Hadiths on Inter-religious relations in the Javanese Pesantrens. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 11(2), 351–376. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v11i2.351-376

Kanafi, I., Dahri, H., Susminingsih, S., & Bakhri, S. (2021). The contribution of Ahlussunnah Waljamaah’s theology in establishing moderate Islam in Indonesia. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 77(4). https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6437

Kementerian Agama, R. I. (2005). Qur’an in Microsoft Word. Kementerian Agama Repbulik Indonesia.

Lidwa, S. (2020). Ensiklopedi Hadis-Kitab 9 Imam. Jakarta: Salnatera.

Lub, V. (2015). Validity in qualitative evaluation: Linking purposes, paradigms, and perspectives. International Journal of Qualitative Methods, 14(5), 1609406915621406.

Manzūr, I., & ibn Mukrin, M. (2003). Lisān al-‘arab. Qāhirah: Dār Al-Hadīth, 7, 705.

Marshall, P. (2018). The Ambiguities of Religious Freedom in Indonesia. The Review of Faith & International Affairs, 16(1), 85–96. https://doi.org/10.1080/15570274.2018.1433588

Miles, M. B., Huberman, A. M., & Saldana, J. (2014). Qualitative data analysis: A methods sourcebook.

Muhtifah, L., Prasojo, Z. H., Sappe, S., & Elmansyah, E. (2021). The theology of Islamic moderation education in Singkawang, Indonesia: The city of tolerance. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 77(4), 10.

Mujahid, I. (2021). Islamic orthodoxy-based character education: creating moderate muslim in a modern pesantren in Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 11(2), 185–212. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v11i2.185-212

Nasir, M., & Rijal, M. K. (2021). Keeping the Middle Path: Mainstreaming Religious Moderation through Islamic Higher Education Institutions in Indonesia. Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies, 11(2), 213–241. https://doi.org/10.18326/ijims.v11i2.213-241

Pajarianto, H., Pribadi, I., & Sari, P. (2022). Tolerance between religions through the role of local wisdom and religious moderation. HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies, 78(4), 8.

Prinsloo, B. L. (2018). The etymology of “Islamic extremism”: A misunderstood term? Cogent Social Sciences, 4(1), 1463815. https://doi.org/10.1080/23311886.2018.1463815

Qaraḍāwī, Y. (2010). Islamic awakening between rejection and extremism. The Other Press.

Quainton, A. C. E. (2020). Violence in the Name of Religion. In R. J. Jones (Ed.), Fine Differences (pp. 134–139). International Institute of Islamic Thought. https://doi.org/10.2307/j.ctv19prr4t.15

Robinson, O. C. (2014). Sampling in interview-based qualitative research: A theoretical and practical guide. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 11(1), 25–41.

Safei, A. A. (2021). Promoting moderate Islam in a global community through the ‘English for Ulama’ programme. HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies, 77(2). https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6878

Salik, M. (2019). Conserving moderate Islam in Indonesia: An Analysis of Muwafiq’s Speech on Online Media. Journal of Indonesian Islam, 13(2), 373. https://doi.org/10.15642/JIIS.2019.13.2.373-394

Sirry, M. (2020). Muslim Student Radicalism and Self-Deradicalization in Indonesia. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 31(2), 241–260. https://doi.org/10.1080/09596410.2020.1770665

Siswanto. (2020). The Islamic Moderation Values on the Islamic Education Curriculum in Indonesia: A Content Analysis. Jurnal Pendidikan Islam, 8(1), 121–152. https://doi.org/10.14421/jpi.2019.81.121-152

Subandi, B., Alamsyah, A., Ahid, N., Abdullah, M., Thahir, A., & Jannah, R. (2020). Management Learning Strategies Integrated with Moderate Islam on Preventing Indonesian Radical Ideology. Utopía y Praxis Latinoamericana, 25(6), 377–387.

Sudarto. (2022). Kondisi kebebasan beragama di Indonesia 2016. Stara-Institute.Org. https://setara-institute.org/

Sumbulah, U., Mahmudah, S., Toriquddin, M., & Purnomo, A. (2018). Islam Moderate and Counter-radicalism for Students through the Personality Development Curriculum. Proceedings of the 1st International Conference on Recent Innovations, 1339–1348. https://doi.org/10.5220/0009927413391348

Susilo, S., & Dalimunthe, R. (2019). Moderate Southeast Asian Islamic Education as a Parent Culture in Deradicalization: Urgencies, Strategies, and Challenges. Religions, 10(1), 45. https://doi.org/10.3390/rel10010045

Syafruddin, D., Ropi, I., Nisa, Y. F., Hendarmin, L. A., Lubis, D. A., Mubarok, M. Z., Agung, S., Narhetali, E., & Rohayati, T. (2018). GEN Z: Kegalauan Indentitas Kegamaan. https://ppim.uinjkt.ac.id

Taylor, S. J., Bogdan, R., & DeVault, M. (2015). Introduction to qualitative research methods: A guidebook and resource. John Wiley & Sons.

Wibisono, S., Louis, W. R., & Jetten, J. (2019). A Multidimensional Analysis of Religious Extremism. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.02560

Yahya, M. W. B. H. M., & Rahmat, M. (2021). Building Moderate Islamic Thoughts in Indonesian Students Through Dialogue-Argumentative Methods. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(3), 288. https://doi.org/10.36941/ajis-2021-0084

Zuhdi, M. (2018). Challenging moderate Muslims: Indonesia’s Muslim schools in the midst of religious conservatism. Religions, 9(10), 310.

Article Metrics

Abstract views: 56 PDF views: 29